Chorleywood & District Horticultural Society

 
Display of apples at the Autumn show 2008
Click on either image to see a larger version

An impressive display of locally grown apples was exhibted by Chris Kemp. These covered both eaters and cookers and copious notes were provided (See below)

 

EATERS

 

BARNACK BEAUTY 1870 An eater with beautiful blossom which will keep until after Christmas

and can be used for cooking. The tree likes chalkland.

CATHERINE 1977? The one on view if a red apple, sold as Catherine by Whispering Trees Nursery.

There is another East Anglian apple given the same name.

DISCOVERY 1962 Raised c. 1949 by an Essex farm worker. Very early, very crisp and very sweet.

 

EGREMONT RUSSET 1883 Very likely came from Petworth, Sussex. A scab resistant, reliable variety.

One of ‘the richest late autumn fruits’ according to Bunyard.

HERRING’S PIPPIN 1908 Raised by Herring of Lincoln. Doesn’t keep but is juice and spicy.

 

LAXTON’S TRIUMPH 1930 Raised in 1902 by Laxton’s of Bedford. Quietly beautiful to look at and

intensely flavoured to eat.

LORD HINDLIP 1896 Named for a Worcestershire landowner. Texture of the apple coarse, perhaps,

but taste splendid.

LORD LAMBOURNE 1923 Crisp and juicy with a touch of sharpness which is most refreshing.

 

MERTON BEAUTY 1962 Raised at Merton in 1932. ‘Truly delicious, if idiosyncratic’. Crisp September eater.

 

MILLICENT BARNES c.1912 Splendid, crisp, sharp, juicy autumn eater. Raised by the Duke of Westminster’s

H G, N.F.Barnes at Eaton Hall. Flourishes here more readily than Cox’s OP.

MOLLYANNE 1976 Agreeable crisp autumn eater. Raised by an amateur in Bournemouth.

Tree has mauve blossom.

NORFOLK ROYAL RUSSET 1983 A russet sport of Norfolk Royal, found by Rev. C.E.Wright in his garden

at Burnham Overy Staithes.

PHILADELPHIA 1983 Sharp, juicy and crisp. A Lincolnshire apple.

 

RIBSTON PIPPIN 1769 Perhaps raised in 1707 from a pip brought from Rouen to Ribston, Yorkshire.

 

WORCESTER PEARMAIN 1873 No-one who was a child during 1939-45 will forget the crispness and taste of what

was then, after Beauty of Bath, the first fresh English apple into the shops. It has

suffered in reputation from being sold underripe.

 

N.B. The date given after the name of variety is normally that of its commercial introduction.

 

Sources of information include: E. Bunyard A Handbook of Hardy fruits

Martin Crawford Directory of Apple Cultivars

Joan Morgan The Book of Apples

All are fascinating if you are interested in apples.

   
 

COOKERS

 

ARTHUR TURNER 1915 An early cooker, the fruit of beautiful blossom. Very versatile in its culinary uses.

Needs some precaution against mildew. Raised by Charles Turner of Slough.

CELLINI c.1880 It is worth making a detour to see a Cellini tree at Wisley when all the fruit is ripe. The

apple cooks to a cream puree and can also be eaten raw with much pleasure if you don’t

dislike the flavour of aniseed.

CHARLES ROSS 1899 A very consistent performer, in both quantity and quality, in Chorleywood. Best cooked

early but good specimens will keep until December for eating raw. One of the best dual

purpose apples there is.

EDWARD VII 1908 The fruit of splendid pale cerise blossom. The tree is hardy and scab resistant. Said by some

to be a shy cropper, a trait not evident in Chorleywood. Raised at Barbourne, Worcester.

Cooks (use Nov-Dec) to a translucent puree.

ENCORE 1906 Scab-resistant variety bred by Charles Turner. Used early, is quite acid. Later, it is excellent

baked. Can be an impressively large apple. Has fine deep pink blossom.

GRENADIER 1863 Very early, very heavy cropper. Very versatile cooker which, regrettably, does not keep.

 

GOLDEN NOBLE 1769 Said to have higher vitamin content than any other cooking apple. Probably introduced by

Perfect of Pontefract. ‘Ideally suited to pies’

HARVEY ? An ancient Norfolk cooker of codlin type. Very likely the apple named in Parkinson (1625).

 

LEWIS’s INCOMPARABLE 18 ‘A handsome tree and fruit, a good bearer’ says The Fruit Grower’s Guide . Still true. Rather

a light taste. Grows well here.

MONARCH 1918 Perhaps W.B.Seabrook’s best apple. Bruises rather easily. A heavy cropper. Very popular

’39-’45 as it needs much less sugar than Bramley.

NORFOLK BEEFING c. 1698 Grown by the Walpole family in the first record of it. Used to make Biffins i.e. this apple

cooked in a bread oven after the loaves – much in demand in 18 th & 19 th century London.

THE QUEEN 1880 Raised 1858 by farmer Bull of Billericay. There is no better apple for baking.

 

TOM PUTT c.1800 Named after the rector of Trent, Dorset. Makes a very good pie in September needing little

sugar and no semolina.

UPTON PYNE 1910 Cooks to a good puree with a pineapple flavour. A Devon apple.

 

N.B. The date given after the name of variety is normally that of its commercial introduction.

 

Sources of information include: E. Bunyard A Handbook of Hardy fruits

Martin Crawford Directory of Apple Cultivars

Joan Morgan The Book of Apples

All are fascinating if you are interested in apples.

   
  TWO HERTFORDSHIRE VARIETIES

Brownlee’s Russet was introduced by Brownlee of Hemel Hempstead in the 1840s. It has a wonderful blossom – deep carmine opening to pink, and crops well here.

Thomas Rivers came from his nursery at Sawbridgeworth in 1894. It crops prodigally here. It has an interesting flavour and perhaps has never been popular on account of its looks rather than its quality.

Brownlee’s Russet An old variety of excellent merit, specially suited to cold soils.
Size - medium. Shape – flat, conical and irregular.
Colour – russet flushed with brownish red. Flesh – greenish, tender, acid. Season – March to May. Does well as a pyramid
or cordon. Self-sterile

Thomas Rivers A Hertfordshire apple noted for its excellent cooking properties.
Size – medium. Shape – roundish–conical. Colour – yellow, flushed with brown. Flesh – yellow, crisp and acid. Season – September to December. Can be grown as a bush, espalier or standard. Self-sterile.

Descriptions are taken from T.L.Saunders, Fruit and Its Cultivation (Collingridge, 1926)

Other Herts apples (not shown) include: BUSHEY GROVE, from Bushey Grove, a characterful cooker, GAVIN, from Bayfordbury, a scab-resistant, rich eater and the
old and famous LANE’S PRINCE ALBERT from Berkhampsted, which has at least once won the culinary class at this show.